Say NO to Drugs in Sport
All athletes have the right to compete in sport knowing that they, and their competitors, are clean.
There are some significant changes to anti-doping rules within the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) for 2015.
ALL members of British Wrestling have a duty to know and abide by the anti-doping rules.
The British Wrestling Association believes in Wrestling clean and works in close partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) (link) and its International Federation, United World Wrestling (link,) to ensure that the integrity of our sport is protected.
The use of performance-enhancing drugs and other doping behaviour severely damages the legitimacy of sport and undermines the integrity of clean athletes.
Anti-Doping Athlete Testing by UKAD takes place at domestic competitions (and also out of competition testing for named-athletes athletes and indeed any British Wrestling member): -
Any athlete found guilty of an anti-doping rule violation who wishes to compete again following their period of ineligibility, has to go through a complex and expensive re-testing process (at their own expense,) prior to return.
British Wrestling has in place a set of anti-doping rules that all athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel must abide by. The anti-doping rules British Wrestling are consistent with the World Anti-Doping Code (2015 Code), which governs anti-doping internationally.
You can find the UK Anti-Doping Rules (link) here.
The anti-doping rules of British Wrestling are the UK Anti-Doping Rules published by UK Anti-Doping (or its successor), as amended from time to time. Such rules shall take effect and be construed as the rules of British Wrestling.
If you are a member of the British Wrestling Association then the anti-doping rules apply to YOU, regardless of at what level you participate.
Anti-Doping: The Big Picture
There are many organisations that work hard to protect sport. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is responsible for leading the collaborative world-wide campaign for clean sport.
Established in 1999 as an independent agency and funded by both sport and governments, it manages the development of the World Anti-Doping Code.
The Code aims to harmonise all anti-doping policies ensuring that athletes and athlete support personnel are treated fairly and consistently.
The aims of the 2015 Code and WADA are to:
In the UK, British Wrestling works in partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) to prevent doping.
|UKAD is the national anti-doping agency for the UK, dedicated to protecting a culture of clean sport – it achieves this through implementing education and testing programmes, gathering and developing intelligence, and prosecuting those found to have committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.|
UKAD is responsible for ensuring sports bodies in the UK are compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code through the implementation and management of the UK’s National Anti-Doping Policy.
100% me – Supporting Athletes to be Clean
|100% me is UK Anti-Doping’s education programme for athletes – designed to provide information resources, education sessions and general advice to athletes throughout their sporting careers.|
Find out about 100% me in the dedicated Athlete Zone [www.100percentme.co.uk] of the UKAD website.
What is Strict Liability?
All athletes need to be aware of the principle of strict liability. This means that all athletes are solely responsible for any banned substance they use, attempt to use, or that is found in their system, regardless of how it got there and whether or not they had an intention to cheat.
|It is crucial that athletes check all medications are safe to take prior to use. Medications can be checked online via The Global Drug Reference Online (Global DRO). The Global DRO provides athletes and support personnel with information about the prohibited status of specific medications.|
Athletes must undertake thorough internet research of any supplement products before use – including the name of the product and the ingredients/substances listed. Information revealed as a result should be further investigated and we advise athletes to keep evidence of their search.
What are the Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs)?
The 2015 Code outlines ten Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs). Athletes, and Athlete Support Personnel (ASP), may receive a ban from sport if any of the following ADRVs are committed:
- Returning a positive test
- Using, or attempting to use, a banned substance or method
- Refusal or failure to provide a sample when requested
- Tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of the testing process
- Possession of a banned substance or method
- Trafficking, or attempted trafficking, of any banned substance or method
- Administering, or attempted administering, of a banned substance or method to an athlete; or encouragement, aiding and/or covering up of any involvement in an ADRV
- Receiving any combination of three filing failures and/or missed tests in a time period of 18 months (for athletes who are part of the National Registered Testing Pool)
- Complicity (new from 1 Jan 2015)
- Prohibited Association (new from 1 Jan 2015)
All ten ADRVs apply to athletes. Only the ADRVs in bold apply to Athlete Support Personnel.
Consequences are Significant
Under the 2015 Code, a minimum four-year ban from sport will apply to those who are found to be deliberately cheating and breaking the rules.
The 2015 Code has little sympathy for carelessness – for inadvertent doping, athletes are more likely to face a two-year ban from sport.
All athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel need to make sure they have sufficient anti-doping knowledge to avoid committing an ADRV and receiving a ban from sport.
Managing Inadvertent Doping Risks
- The Prohibited List
All banned substances and methods in Code-compliant sports are outlined in the Prohibited List, which is updated at the beginning of every calendar year, but may also be updated throughout the year. The latest Prohibited List can be found on the WADA website [www.wada-ama.org]
- Understand the Importance of Checking Medications
Before taking any medication (whether from a doctor or bought over the counter) athletes must check to make sure it does not contain any banned substances. Medications can be checked online at Global DRO [www.globaldro.co.uk].
It is important to note that medications bought in one country may contain different ingredients to the same branded medication in another country.
- Know the Risks with Nutritional Supplements
Athletes are strongly advised to be very cautious if they choose to take any supplement such as vitamin tablets, energy drinks, or sport-nutrition formulas. This is because there is no guarantee that any supplement is free from banned substances.
All athletes are advised to:
all BEFORE making a decision to use supplements.
However, supplement risks can be reduced by:
Visit the UKAD website for further information on supplements [www.ukad.org.uk/supplements] including information on the Informed Sport [www.informed-sport.com] programme, which provides a batch-testing service for supplement products.
Apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)
Athletes who need to use a banned substance or method to treat a genuine medical condition, and there are no reasonable alternatives, may have to apply for a TUE.
Athletes who have an existing TUE issued by UKAD do not need to reapply for a new TUE when becoming an International-Level Athlete. They should provide their International Federation with a copy of their TUE to ensure it is recognised.
Athletes listed under the ‘National’ category for their sport must apply for their TUE in advance of competing. The ‘National’ category for TUEs is defined by UKAD by sport and can be found on UKAD’s website. Only in an emergency situation or where there will be a severe impact on health should treatment begin without the necessary approval.
Understand What Happens in a Test (Doping Control)
Athletes should feel prepared and know their rights and responsibilities when they are notified to be tested by a Chaperone or Doping Control Officer. When selected for testing, athletes should take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station.
A urine test will follow these main steps:
• Reporting to Doping Control Station
• Providing a sample
• Recording and certifying sample information
Know Where to Look for Support and Advice
Please do not hesitate to ask questions about the anti-doping rules. As well as asking British Wrestling coaches and athlete support personnel, you may also contact UKAD directly, who will be able to answer any questions and provide guidance, see contact information below and on the UKAD website (link)
Help Keep Sport Clean
We all have a responsibility to report doping in sport and help keep it clean.
|A 24-hour dedicated phone line, hosted by Crimestoppers, is ready to take your call if you have any suspicions or concerns about incidences of doping in sport.|
You can provide information in complete confidence by calling
08000 32 23 32
via a secure website [http://secure.crimestoppers-uk.org/ukad/].
All information is passed securely to UKAD’s intelligence unit for investigation.
Useful Links and Resources
Register with UK Anti-Doping
|Visit UKAD’s website and register to keep up to date with the latest news. [www.ukad.org.uk/account/register]|
For More Information from UKAD:
- Visit www.100percentme.co.uk If you’re an athlete
- Visit www.ukad.org.uk/coaches If you’re a coach
- Visit www.ukad.org.uk/support-personnel If you’re Athlete Support Personnel
- Visit www.ukad.org.uk/parents if you’re a parent
Keep up to date with the latest news
Have your say
For further information please contact UKAD at
+44 (0) 207 842 3450
or go to their website